GDB ObjC-patch 4.18

This is the original gdb-objc patch, updated for gdb-4.18. The Java and C++ parts have not been tested, use it at your own risk.

This patch is obsolete since the support for the Objective C language has been integrated in GDB 6.0

NeXT original README

GDB Language Support for Objective C
Submitted by Michael Snyder
NeXT Software, Inc.

This is a portable implementation of NeXT's gdb support for debugging
Objective C. This has only been tested with Gnu's GCC-based Objective
C compiler, and may not work with other compilers or runtime
libraries. It has been tested to a limited extent with the public
version of GCC and GnuStep, with the majority of the testing being
done under NeXT's proprietary versions of the compiler and OpenStep.
It has been tested on Microsoft Windows NT (Gnu and NeXT compilers),
Solaris (NeXT compiler), and HPUX (NeXT compiler). I expect it to
work on other platforms in the Gnu environment, but would not be
surprised if some tweaking were required.

Language specific features:
* Auto-recognition of Objective C source code (by the ".m" extension)
* Demangling of Objective C mangled method names in backtraces etc.
* Accepts demangled (native) form for Objective C method names
for setting breakpoints etc.
* Understands class scope for instance variables in expressions
(automatically dereferences things from the "self" pointer)
* Step into Objective C message calls
* Call Objective C methods and print their return values
(in native syntax, eg. "print [MyClass myMethod:42]")
* LIST or BREAK on selectors gives a list of matching implementations
(just like what happens with overloaded C++ member functions)
* Tab-completion on methods and selectors
* @selector operator
* NSString literals in expressions (eg. @"foo")
* Class names recognised with or without the keyword "struct"

Auto language recognition:
Objective C is a first-class language in gdb (just like C++ or
FORTRAN). Gdb auto-detects Objective C source files by the ".m"
extension, enabling name demangling and other language features.
Should you need to force the current language to Objective C (eg. for
programs compiled with no symbol information), use:
"SET LANGUAGE objective-c".

Symbol Demangling:
Objective C methods names are mangled by GCC into a form that looks
like (for example) "_i_Classname_Categoryname_Selectorname__" where
colons (":") in the selector name are replaced with underscores ("_").
Gdb will reverse this mangling to present the method name as
"-[Classname(Categoryname) Selectorname::]". Unfortunately this
mangling scheme is not uniquely reversable if class, category or
selector names contain underscores, so gdb will demangle such names

Native-form Names of Objective C Methods:
Breakpoint commands etc. can refer to Objective C methods in their
demangled form:
(gdb) BREAK +[Classname Selector:withArg:andArg:]

Class scope:
If you are debugging in an Objective C method of a class that has an
instance variable (eg. "foo"), you can refer to that variable by name,
(gdb) print foo
without having to refer to it thru the self pointer:
(gdb) print self->foo // C++ analogy: this->foo

Calls to Objective C Methods in expressions:
The PRINT and CALL commands can be used to call Objective C methods
using the native syntax (and print their return values):
(gdb) call [foo withBar: 12 andBaz: 14]
(gdb) print $myfoo = [[Foo alloc] init]

Selectors treated as overloaded functions:
The BREAK and LIST commands can take a raw selector as an argument.
If the selector is implemented by more than one class, gdb will
present a list of the possible matches, just as it would in the case
of a C++ overloaded member function. The user can select one,
several, or all of the matches from the list.
(gdb) break init
[0] cancel
[1] all
[2] -[Change init] at Change.m:20
[3] -[ChangeManager init] at ChangeManage.m:30
[4] -[DrawApp init] at DrawApp.m:130

By analogy with the INFO FUNCTION and INFO TYPE commands, these accept
a regular expression and print a list of Objective C classes or selectors
that match.

NSString literals:
Many Objective C methods expect an NSString literal as an argument,
and many expressions that might be cut-and-paste evaluated from an
Objective C program contain such literals. As a convenience, GDB
will accept such a literal, and build an NSString constant in the
child process address space.
(gdb) print [NSImage imageNamed: @"Cross.tiff"]

Builtin typedefs for classes:
As with C++, the Objective C language does not expect you to use
the keyword "struct" in front of a class name. However the GCC
compiler emits the type symbols for classes as structs. GDB will
automatically create an internal typedef symbol that might look like:
typedef struct NSString NSString;
so that the user can use casts like "(NSString *) 0" instead of
having to type "(struct NSString *) 0" (although the later will
still be accepted too).